Modern evidence, including DNA analysis confirms the opinion that modern man, in the form of Homo sapiens, first came out of Africa as early as 200,000 years ago.The Africans migrated along the coast of Arabia to West Asia to India; a branch continued across the major islands off Asia — Indonesia, Borneo, Papua New Guinea — and some as far as Australia, marking the first major sea crossing of humans; a branch continued along the coast of Asia to West Asia to China; from China a branch went westward into Central Asia, and then some southward into Southeast Asia, particularly India, while a branch continued westward into Europe, these together forming the Indo-European group and then the last major group went from China across the Bering Straight into North America and from there some continued into South America.
Melanesian family of blondes in Solomon Islands,
Of the pioneers who moved across Asia, one group moved south-east down through the Indo-Malaysian archipelago, crossing over into Australia during a brief window of opportunity 65,000 years ago when water levels dropped. They also reached Papua possibly as early as 65,000 years ago eventually moving from there across the Pacific. (read further on human migration from Africa here:http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history-archaeology/human-migration.html?c=y&page=3)
Children of Malaita Island, Solomon Islands
Melanesia is a sub-region of Oceania extending from the western end of the Pacific Ocean to the Arafura Sea, and eastward to Fiji. The region comprises most of the islands immediately north and northeast of Australia. The name Melanesia (from Greek: μέλας black; νῆσος, islands) was first used by Jules Dumont d’Urville in 1832 to denote an ethnic and geographical grouping of islands distinct from Polynesia and Micronesia. In other words, Melanesian are black island people in the south pacific that migrated their thousands of years ago, unlike blacks in the Americas that came to the Americas as slaves.
While all humans, (who are descendants of people who left Africa in multiple waves) outside of Africa are now known to have inherited some genes from Neanderthals, Melanesians are the only known modern humans whose prehistoric ancestors mixed with the Denisova hominin, sharing 4%–6% of their genome with this ancient cousin of the Neanderthal. Needless to say, the majority of the world languages is spoken on the island of New Guinea which is in Melanesia.
The Melanesia islands is comprise of the countries of Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Vanuatu, Solomon Island, and New Caledonia, however many of the countries in Melanesia have a significant Polynesian minorities, yet in New Caledonia case a significant European minority.
Beautiful Girls from the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu during the PNG Independence celebration
MELANESIANS OF SOLOMON ISLANDS
The Solomon Islands also known as “black islands” are located in the South Pacific, the very heart of Melanesia, just Northeast of Australia, between Papua and Vanuatu and constitute an independent state within the British Commonwealth.
Blonde-haired Melanesian youth from the Solomon Islands, South Pacific
The Solomon Islands are a chain of seven large and many smaller islands from northwest to southeast over 1,500 km. They are volcanic, mountainous, and heavily forested. The area (28900 square km) is divided into nine provinces:
Melanesians in kayak with their catch, Santa Ana,Solomon Islands
Guadalcanal (5,302 sq km) is the biggest island, with 49,000 inhabitants. Here we find the highest mountain in the country, Popomanasiu (2,440m). The government and most industry and commerce are also located here.
Western province, famous for its turquoise waters and lagoons, is a great place for ecotourism. Choiseul province is formed from volcanic origin islands. In Malaita province people still live close to the nature and practice ancient traditions such as kite fishing and ancestor and shark worship.
Rennell and Bellona are two atolls where Polynesian people speak a language related to Maori. Rennell is the largest uplifted atoll in the world; its lake Tenganu has environmental significance: at the bottom you can see eight Catalina flying boats from the Second World War.
Central province (Ngella, Russels and Savo islands) is full of reefs, beaches, and reminders of the Second World War, such as bunkers and sunken boats or planes.
Temotu province still keeps traditional beliefs and customs. In Ulawa there are species of birds that are not found anywhere else in the world. The first European contact was made in Isabel province.
The population of the Solomon Islands (342000) is predominantly Melanesian. Solomon Islanders are Negroid and Australoid, 9% urban and 91% rural.
Solomon Islands Melanesian dancers
The official languages of the Solomon Islands are English and Solomon Pidgin, but 87 other distinct local languages and dialects are spoken.
Melanseian kids from Solomon Islands
The Solomon Islands is a parliamentary state within the Commonwealth divided into 4 administrative districts. Its legislature is a National Parliament. The Government leaders are Sir George Lepping (governor-general) and Solomon Mamaloni (prime minister)
Solomon Islands prime minister`s secretary,Danny Philip
Agriculture is the mainstay of the islands’ economy ($510 per capita ) but people also work in public services (30%), trade, transport, communications, manufacturing and construction. They import foodstuffs, consumer goods, machinery and transport materials from Japan, Australia and the United Kingdom; and they export timber, copra, palm oil, cocoa and marine shells.
There is only one university in the whole country, and just 60% of the adult population is literate. There are 729 hospital beds and 32 doctors. The main illnesses are malaria (caught from mosquito bites), tuberculosis and leprosy. 43/1000 children die at birth.
Solomon Islands kids
There are no railroads in the Solomon Islands, but three major ports and three major airfields with their own Solomon Airlines.
The climate is tropical, with coastal day temperatures averaging 28ºC. The dry season is from April to November.
The Solomon Islands dollar is valued at $3.30 = US $1.00.
Solomon Island woman smiling during their annual PNG festival
The flag is blue over green divided by a diagonal yellow band, with five white stars on the top. The national anthem is called “God Bless our Solomon Islands” and the national day is the 7th of July, Independence Day.
The origin of Melanesian people is uncertain, but the Solomon Islands were probably settled by Neolithic people from Southeast Asia. Archaeological evidence shows that people from the Bismarck islands went to Polynesia and became the ancestors of those who later returned to the Solomon Islands.
Woman in a traditional Melanesian dress from Solomon Islands
In 1568, Spanish Alvaro de Mendaña arrived in Guadalcanal. He discovered gold on it and he thought he had found the source of King Solomon’s Temple in Jerusalem. He gave Spanish names to the islands but the hostility of the indigenous population prevented European settlement for a while.
In 1893 a British protectorate was established over the Southern Solomons. The Santa Cruz group was added in 1898, and in 1900 Shortland was transferred by treaty from Germany. By this year the present political composition had been established.
Vintage WW2 Solomon Islands Breast Feeding, Pipe Smoking, Native Woman
After the Second World War, an opposition to the British called the Marching Rule Movement begun. Self government was permitted in 1976, and two years later the country became independent. The head of state was the British Monarch, and the first prime minister, Peter Kenilorea, was elected from the National Parliament and lasted 10 years.
In 1986 the islands were devastated by Typhoon Namu.
SHELLS AND BELLS “I feel happy when I see it,” says Archbishop David Vunagi of the liturgy that has evolved out of the vibrant Melanesian culture in the Solomon Islands, South Pacific.
Photo: Ali Symon
95% of the people are Christians. Until a hundred years ago indigenous people practised cannibalism, head-hunting, kidnapping, slavery and open sorcery, but old customs and practices turned to the “true God and creator of the Universe”.
Melanesian Anglican Church members in Solomon Islands
David Vunagi,Archbishop of the Anglican Church of Melanesia
The art of Melanesia has a sculptural and pictorial tradition, but artworks are often combined with music, dance, and oral literature. Melanesian artists work on social and religious themes. They are cultural forms resulting from the creative manipulation of movements, sounds, words, or materials.
Before the European contact the use of metal was unknown; they used tools made of stone, bone shell, shark teeth and fish skin. After Europeans reached the islands Melanesians got more efficient metal tools for wood carving and new visual images. Trade goods such as blankets, bark cloth, basketry or wooden containers were produced for sale.
But the introduction of Christianity put an end to the production of images, and those that already existed were destroyed by missionaries and converted islanders. Today the production of images of the old gods has been revived for sale to tourists. Also basketry and bark cloth have now become high-quality crafts sold as souvenirs and as decorative objects.
Solomon Islands contingent at South Pacific Arts Festival 2012
The traditional arts of Melanesia can be best understood in relation to political and social values. The society was divided into small independent groups headed by a big man. The creation of artistic work was associated with the ceremonial cycles: passage rites, funerals, warfare with another group etc. Each social group had its own traditional art forms, so we can find a large number of different styles of masks, costumes, musical instruments, or representations of ancestors and legendary figures.
The artworks have a strong expressionism and vivid interplay between line and colour, it is a highly emotional and dramatic art.
Melanesian of Solomon islands have come into the curiosity of the scientific world geneticists as a result of their unusual blonde hairs.They actually have the highest prevalence of blonde hair outside of Europe, in fact ten percent of these islanders are blonde. Some historians believe that after the Nordics moved from Sumer – who first arrived in Oceania after building Great Zimbabwe! blonde hair came from mixing with the ancient alien gods. Others also maintain that it was the Europeans that first founded the Island that breed with them to cause that blonde hair color
It is largely held belief in the scientific world that blondes could only be found among Caucasians. Whatever may be attributed scientifically to the outcome of why these African Melanesian of Solomon Islands came by their blonde hair it only goes to cement the assertion that black Africans were the first homo sapiens and that all races came out of black African.
Beautiful blonde Melanesian kids of Solomon Islands